Mar 112013

Fenestration and Glazing Guidelines, Procedures and Calculations.

Windows house335 Fenestration Calculations

The guidelines featured in the pdf below give an idea to anyone wanting to calculate the Fenestration Compliance Procedures in terms of Sans 10400-XA:2011 and SANS 204:2011, what is required and what is involved.

There is a step-by-step guide to area (nett floor) calculation with reference to the parts of the regulations that apply. A SGHC (solar heat gain calculator) is also supplied, to calculate the heat conducted in and out of a building. There are a couple of “real life” calculations at the end of the document that illustrate how this was achieved.

You will see that the calculations that need to be done to comply with the Regulations are not at all straightforward. But you do, in any case require a “competent person” to draw up your building plans, submit them to the local authority, and take responsibility for the project (including ensuring that construction is in accordance with the plans). A competent person should be well equipped to interpret fenestration and glazing guidelines as well as procedures and the calculations. If not, it is the responsibility of that person to include someone who is in the project.

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  9 Responses to “Fenestration Calculations”

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  1. Hi there

    I just would like to know if the nett floor area for fenestration includes double volume areas?

  2. Hi There

    I am planning on building a townhouse with windows on the side closest
    to the neighbour per the houseplan. They built the house with these
    windows missing stipulating that due to regulations on privacy
    (neighbour wall is 900mm to mine) they are not allowed to put in these

    Does this comment hold any water?



    • Tiaan, I am not aware of any national building regulations specifically aimed to provide privacy to neighbours. However there are by-laws in various municipalities that prevent people from having windows in a wall adjacent to another property, if the building is closer than a minimum distance.
      For example, the City of Cape Town’s Zoning Scheme Regulations that came into effect in March this year state (in terms of properties zoned single residential – i.e. conventional housing) that:
      Window and door placement
      Any portion of a building which contains an external window or door facing onto a common boundary shall:
      (i) be set back a distance of at least 1,5 m away from such boundary; and
      (ii) the portion of building to be set back from the boundary shall include the door or
      window, together with such additional length of wall as is required to make up a total minimum length of 3 m.”

  3. do these fenestration calcs apply to a church building with an very high cieling of about 5 meter, in the same way as for a recidential dwelling? we want to add a small conference room of about 50 sqM to the complex. The church as well as the proposed conference room ar used only about once a week for 1 to 2 hours.

    • Hi Piet,
      Yes the fenestration calculations apply to all buildings and are also regulated in terms of what a building is being used for. As your church is not essentially “a dwelling” there are other regulations that will have to be read together with these. The SANS 10400-XA also divides the country into climatic areas that also affects the answer. As you can see with the “Fenestration Calculations” and the other factors the answer is not a simple one. I suggest that you contact your local council and ask them or alternatively ask a “competent person” (draftsperson, architect or engineer) for assistance. You might have one in your parish that will volunteer to help.

  4. all examples indicated show pitched roofs. Please indicate how the fenestration calcs are worked out with :
    1. a parapet wall sloping at 17,5 degrees.
    2. a double storey with similar parapet.

    as can be seen from the above examples – if there is a window centrally positioned in the wall – how does one calculate the P,G and H values. smae for both cases ??

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